Plants are often exposed to environmental stresses such as biotic and abiotic stresses, which imposed by salt, drought, high/low temperature, heavy metals, nutritional deficiencies as well as pathogen and insect attacks. Lipids are one of the most crucial cellular components because they provide not only the structure of cell membranes, but also energy storage for cell metabolism. In recent years evidences have proven that lipids possess two major roles in response to stress. First, as a signalling mediator, second their role in the process of alleviating the deleterious effects of stress. The effect of prolonged water deficit stress on lipid composition was studied on tolerant and sensitive thyme plants (T. serpyllum and T. vulgaris respectively). Non-targeted non-polar metabolite profiling were carried out using FT-ICR mass spectrometry along with morpho-physiological parameters performed on one month old plants subsequent to water withholding before the plants wilted. Different trends for a number of non-polar metabolites were observed when comparing stressed and control conditions for both sensitive and tolerant plants. Declining the amount of total lipids was observed in droughted plants. This trend is more pronounced for the main lipid components such as galactolipids (MGDG, DGDG) in addition to phospholipids (PG, PE, PA and PS) which decreased to 55%. Among the MGDG class of lipids, 790.5221 m/z was the most affected lipid which decreased of about 70% in stressed plants. In tolerant plants, among detected phospholipids, including PI, PS, and PC, metabolites having m/z values 519.3331, 521.3488 and 581.3709 decreased about 50-60% whereas they having m/z values 845.5516, 840.5053, and 840.5053 were the most affected phospholipids which increased over 200% in response to drought stress. In conclusion, Tolerant and sensitive plants had clearly different response at physiological level.
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Modifications of leaf lipid composition in the responses of thyme plant to drought stress
Published: 01 November 2016 by MDPI in The 1st International Electronic Conference on Metabolomics session Applications of Metabolomics in Agriculture and Industry
Keywords: Mass spectrometry, Metabolomics, abiotic, stress, lipid