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HPLC-QTOF-MS2-based rapid screening of secondary metabolites from Marrubium vulgare leaves
* 1, 2, 3 , 4 , 2, 3 , 4 , 2, 3
1  Department of Chemistry & Food Technology and Nutrition , An-Najah National University, POB. 7, Nablus, Palestine
2  Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, Spain
3  Functional Food Research and Development Center, PTS Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento, Edificio Bioregión, 18016 Granada, Spain.
4  Laboratoire de Biomathématique, Biophysique, Biochimie, et Scientométrie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algérie.


The leaves of horehound (Marrubium vulgare), were investigated for their phytochemical composition by using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS2), this besides evaluating the antioxidant activity of methanol and acetone extracts. Total contents of phenols, flavonoids, and tannins have also been determined. The antioxidant potential was evaluated by DPPH, activity against H2O2, antioxidant capacity, and iron-reducing power. The HPLC-MS2 analysis of the methanol extract revealed the presence of about 30 compounds of various families, of which 15 compounds have been tentatively identified for the first time. Flavonoids and phenylethanoid derivatives were the major compounds. Methanol extract was shown to contain more flavonoids and tannins. The ability of the methanol extract to scavenge H2O2 was found considerable (~60%). The best whole antioxidant capacity was demonstrated in the methanol leaf extract, indicating its use as a promising source of natural antioxidants for pharmaceutical and food applications, as well as in prevention of oxidative-stress-related diseases.

Keywords: Marrubium vulgare; Lamiaceae; HPLC-MS2; Phenylethanoid derivatives; Phenolics; Antioxidant activities.