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Molecular dynamics analysis of the binding mechanism of veratryl alcohol at the protein surface of lignin peroxidase (P. chrysosporium) and its mutants E168Q and D264N.
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1  Centro de Bioinformática y Simulación Molecular, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Talca, 2 Norte 685, Casilla 721, Talca, Chile.


Lignin peroxidase (LiP), a fungal heme-containing peroxidase, first discovered in the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium, plays an important role in the degradation of lignin and lignin model compounds1-3 due to its high redox potential. Veratryl alcohol (VA), is a secondary metabolite of the fungus P. chrysosporium and is the main substrate of LiP. Also, VA acts as a redox mediator in the oxidation of lignin and other phenolic and non-phenolic compounds, after being oxidized to a radical species (VA•+) by Trp171, a catalytic residue located at the protein surface.4, 5  In a previous report, we explored through molecular docking, MD and MM-GBSA simulations the way VA (in its neutral state) interacted with Trp171 and how it was stabilized by other residues at the protein surface.6 Furthermore, VA in a neutral and cationic state, was used to run long molecular dynamics of 1µs for LiP-VA•+ and LiP-VA complexes with the Desmond software. Interaction profiles for each state of VA were obtained showing that there exists a clear difference in the interaction dynamics of both species. For a further understanding of the stabilization mechanism of VA•+ at the protein surface, in this work are reported new MD simulations of 1 µs that take into account a higher substrate concentration and explore its affinity by WT LiP and the E168Q and D264N mutants.