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Ilex guayusa: A systematic review of its Traditional Uses, Chemical Constituents, Biological Activities and Biotrade Opportunities
Published: 17 January 2017 by MDPI in MOL2NET'16, Conference on Molecular, Biomed., Comput. & Network Science and Engineering, 2nd ed. congress MODECO-01: Workshop on Molecular Diversity & Ecosystems, Puyo, Ecuador-Porto, Portugal, 2016
Ilex guayusa is an emblematic tree of the Ecuadorian Amazon region, widely used in folk medicine, ritual uses and household and industrial beverages. Despite the daily consumption only a few number of studies have been carried out and the species deserves a deepener bioprospecting activity, also in order to define a new Biotrade strategy for the Ecuadorian amazon region. This review summarizes the ethno pharmacological data and the researches concerning I.guayusa. Promising biological activities have been detected, especially as new source of antioxidant agents due to the presence of phenolic compounds. Also a preliminary study as antidiabetic natural product accounts for new researches.
Keywords: Ilex guayusa, Ecuadorian Amazon region, folk medicine, antioxidant, antidiabetic, Biotrade
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