Electrolyte is an important component which act as game changing player in third generation solar cells in general and Dye Sensitized Solar Cell in particular. Nowadays, organic ionic conductors received great attention due to easy processibility, better conductivity and cost effectiveness. But majority of the reported organic ionic conductors suffers with poor efficiency due to the relatively lower conductivity and required additives like Li-salts, TBP etc.
Recently, we developed a new series of solid organic ionic conductors which possess an effective donors moieties like phenothiazine/phenooxazine. Due to presence of these donors, ionic conductivity and light harvesting properties in the device increases and hence overall enhancement in efficiency is noticed. Self-assembly of organic molecules is an attractive approach for enhancement in conductivity of organic ionic conductor. We developed pipyridinium iodide based organic ionic conductor which self-assembled into organized structure that form ionic nano channels. These channels are capable for efficient ion transport and it is a sentinel approach to develop an effective, stable and robust electrolytes for energy harvesting devices like DSSCs. Moreover, these organic ionic conductors exhibit anisotropic conductivity which paves the way to assemble energy devices with greater efficiency. Both these approaches, i.e. presence of donors and self-assembled structure in an electrolyte promotes solid organic ionic conductor as a new class of solid electrolytes for DSSC and perovskite solar cells.