Anode modification with MnO2, Pd and Fe3O4 nanoparticles was evaluated for pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) removal and power generation in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The MFCs with Pd, MnO2 and Fe3O4 anodes achieved a maximum power density of 824, 782 and 728 mW m-2, respectively, which were higher than that with carbon black (CB) modified anode (680 mW m-2) and nonwoven cloth (NW) anode (309 mW m-2). The removal percentages of carbamazepine and diclofenac in MFCs with MnO2, Pd and Fe3O4 anodes were more than 80% and 50%, respectively, while ibuprofen and iohexol showed limited biodegradation. Moreover, anode modification with MnO2, Pd and Fe3O4 could reduce the total anode internal resistances and thus result in the enhanced power generation of MFCs. The study for the first time reported anode modification with MnO2, Pd and Fe3O4 nanoparticles to enhance the PhACs removal and power production, which may help to understand the role of metal and metal oxides nanoparticles in the degradation of PhACs and power generation in a bioelectrochemical system.
Previous Article in event
Next Article in event
Effect of anodes decoration with metal and metal oxides nanoparticles on pharmaceutically active compounds removal and microbial communities in microbial fuel cells
Published: 21 July 2017 by MDPI in The 7th International Multidisciplinary Conference on Optofluidics 2017 session Water science and industry
Keywords: microbial fuel cell; pharmaceutically active compounds; anode modification; community structures