Please login first
Contribution of tropical cyclones to seasonal precipitation over the tropical Americas
* ,
1  Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico


Tropical cyclones (TCs) are an important element of the climate dynamics in the tropical Americas. They produce intense precipitation during a few days of the rainy season. The contribution of tropical cyclone precipitation to seasonal accumulated rainfall may be as large as fifty per cent, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions of northern Mexico. A positive trend in the number of tropical cyclones over the eastern Pacific, has resulted in more of these systems approaching the Baja peninsula and a positive trend in annual precipitation. However, the contribution of TCs to regional accumulated may be positive or negative depending on the trajectory followed by the system. If the TC is not close enough to the coastal region, it may induce atmospheric moisture divergence over land, reducing the chances of tropical convective activity and rainfall. Years of large but “distant to continent” TC activity result in negative anomalies in precipitation for some regions of the tropical Americas. Seasonal regional climate predictions or regional climate change scenarios provide information on TC activity but not on preferred trajectories. By means of TC cluster analysis, the preferred trajectories of TCs around the tropical Americas are explored in relation to quasi-stationary circulations at the steering level. Some ideas on how to estimate preferred TCs trajectories for a season are given.

Keywords: tropical cyclone precipitación moisture convergence
Comments on this paper
Ana Durán-Quesada
variability and ITCZ over the Pacific
Would you link the obtained results regarding the year to year variability for the Pacific clusters ENP-A and ENP-D withe meridional changes in the seasonal migration of the ITCZ?
Christian Dominguez
Hi Ana Durán,
Thanks for your comment and interest in our paper. We highly appreciate it.

The tropical cyclogenesis over the Eastern Pacific Ocean is a hard topic. Several systems can modulate the formation of TCs and they can interact at the same time, i.e. variations in the ITCZ, the cross equatorial-pressure gradient, and the seasonal variation of the Caribbean Low-Level Jet (CLLJ). We're still analyzing these possible associations with the type of TC tracks.

At the moment, we finished analyzing the interannual TC activity and found that the ENP-A tended to occur under the neutral and cold phase of ENSO. The only cluster that is favored by the El Niño Conditions is cluster ENP-B.