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Development of biodegradable electrospun dressing based on PVA/CA with antimicrobial potential for chronic wounds
* 1 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
1  Centre for Textile Science and Technology (2C2T), University of Minho, Campus ed Azurém 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal
2  Centre for Textile Science and Technology, University of Minho

Published: 09 May 2020 by MDPI in 2nd Coatings and Interfaces Web Conference session Posters

The incidence of chronic wounds (CW) is growing at an accelerated rate around the world. CW are characterized for failing to progress through the orderly phases of the healing process, stalling at the inflammatory stage. This disorder is often triggered by infections. To address this problem, wound dressings with a nano-architecture and functionalized with active biomolecules are being engineered. The introduction of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), as pexiganan (or MSI-78), which display broad spectrum of antibacterial activity and reduce bacterial resistance, has been considered a viable solution. Here, nanofibrous mats were electrospun with an architecture resembling the extracellular-matrix. To this effect, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and cellulose acetate (CA)-based meshes were prepared at different ratios from 100/0 to 70/30% (v/v) and characterized. The process was kept as green as possible by resorting to acetic acid/distilled water as solvents and low temperatures. Optimal conditions for PVA/CA processing were established at 29 kV, feeding rate of 0.8 mL/h and distance between needle and collector of 17 cm. To increase PVA stability in aqueous medium, a crosslinking process was carried out with glutaraldehyde (GA) vapor, a less toxic approach than GA immersion or GA addition to the polymer solution. Highly stable films were obtained. Their degradation profile was mapped after 28 days of incubation in distilled water, revealed that only less than 20% of their overall mass was lost after that period. Pexiganan was examined for its antibacterial action against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli demonstrating minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 7.8 to 62.5 µg/mL. Surface anchoring at MIC value (62.5 µg/mL) was performed using a poly(ethylene glycol)-spacer, the succinimidyl-ester (NHS)-PEG2-Maleimide, as a binding agent which allowed for covalent and electrostatic bonding to take place by means of the N-terminal cysteine-modified pexignan. Preliminary antimicrobial results are very promising.

Keywords: Chronic wounds; biodegradable; electrospinning; poly(vinyl alcohol); cellulose acetate; antimicrobial effects