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Issues in Energy Vulnerability Assessment: Looking for a Sustainable Choice of Natural Resource for Power Generation
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1  GEPEA/EPUSP, 05508-220 São Paulo, Brazil

Published: 12 September 2020 by MDPI in The First World Energies Forum session Primary Energy Sources (registering DOI)

The objective of thiswork is to analyze, through environmental vulnerability (EV), disturbances in the environment caused by anthropic activities for the production of energy resources, focusing on the power generation sector. Methodologically, hydrocarbons (oil and gas) and solar are considered through a qualitative and quantitative analysis of environmental impacts, including the research inside Environmental Impact Studies and procedures like EIA/RIMA (institutional Environmental Impact Reports in Brazil). This study focuses on operation and demobilization of offshore drilling activity, and installation and operation of the Santos Basin pre-salt oil and gas production and disposal activity Stages 1, 2 and 3. The criteria addressed in the EIA/RIMAs are used, focusing on thosethat correlate with EV and the production of electricity. Impacts for long-term, permanent, partially reversible or irreversible disturbances are filtered, totaling 53 impacts (31 effective/21 potential). We concluded that the criteria and methodologies of EIAs vary between stages. At times, the variation is so drastic that the same impact can have a completely different rating from one stage to another, despite referring to the same area. This condition makes it impossible to define a single vulnerabilityindex for the pre-salt venture. For a final analysis, we propose a cleaner energy production through distributed photovoltaic systems as a more adequate alternative for São Paulo’s energy supply in terms of its impact on EV.

Keywords: environmental vulnerability; hydrocarbons; photovoltaic energy