During the past few years, the production of biodegradable polymeric materials from renewable sources has gained extended attention in both academic and industrial fields. It is a promising approach to solve a number of problems connected with increasing pollution and energy shortage caused by the petroleum consumption. Focusing on this eco-friendly approach, aliphatic polyesters are of great interest due to their wide spectrum of potential applications and sustainability. Among this group segmented block copolymers exhibit a broad range of advantageous features as they can be produced using monomers from biomass feedstock. These copolymers consist of different types of sequences with different properties and distinct transition temperatures, thus being capable of forming hard and soft segments. Hard segments are responsible for the dimensional, thermal and mechanical stability of the polymer while the soft segments are designed to impart the elasticity to the polymer. Herein, biodegradable poly(butylene succinate-co-dilinoleic succinate) (PBS-DLS) copolymers with 70:30 (wt%) ratio of hard to soft segments were successfully synthesized using Candida antarctica lipase B (CAL-B) as a biocatalyst. During two-step synthesis in diphenyl ether, biobased succinate was polymerized with renewable 1,4 – butanediol and dimer linoleic diol to obtain “green” copolyesters as sustainable alternative to petroleum-based materials. Structure-properties relationships were discussed by investigating the number average molecular weight, chemical structure, crystalline behavior and thermal transition temperatures. Moreover, cytotoxicity test using mouse fibroblast cells L929 were performed on extracts of obtained PBS-DLS materials indicating excellent biocompatibility in vitro.
“Green” Poly(butylene succinate-co-dilinoleic succinate) Copolymers Synthesized Using Candida Antarctica Lipase B (CAL-B) as Biocatalyst
Published: 05 November 2020 by MDPI in The First International Conference on “Green” Polymer Materials 2020 session Biopolymers: Design, Fabrication, Characterization and Applications
Keywords: enzymatic catalysis; polyesters; poly(butylene succinate); renewable resources; dimerized fatty acids