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Effect on the Air Quality and Noise Levels of Jaipur City in the Event of COVID-19: A Short Review
1  Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehradun, India


Jaipur has seen a rapid development in the last two and a half decades being the capital city of Rajasthan and its proximity to the National capital region of India, directly impacting its environment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the status of air pollution based on available literature. A review based on status of air pollution beginning with works of researchers in 1996-97 period for Jaipur city, till the recent developments through published literature is presented here in the light of abrupt and extreme situations arising due to COVID-19. High Volume Samplers having respirable dust sampler with dust collector and filter paper were utilized in these studies and it was conducted by dividing the city into various categories such as: industrial area, commercial area, residential area, and sensitive area. Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide were measured by doing gas sampling and passing the gas through absorbing solution of sodium tetrachloromercurate and sodium hydroxide – sodium arsenite solution respectively. Carbon monoxide monitors of type CO-200 were being used to detect presence of CO and indicate the concentration in ppm. Researchers have found that the recorded mean values of PM2.5 and PM10 were much higher than the specified limit by National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). Sound level meters were used for the measurement of noise levels. Currently, daily AQI results are provided through online services based on PM2.5, PM10, NO2, NH3, SO2, CO and ozone. The AQI on 15th May 2020 is 92, 98, and 100 at 9:00 AM, 11:00 AM, and 2:00 PM representing satisfactory category. However, AQI was 102 (moderate) at 3:00 PM and 4:00 PM. Jaipur is witnessing a major improvement in the air quality index (AQI) and noise levels during the COVID-19 crisis period due to limited anthropogenic activity since mid-March 2020.

Keywords: air quality index; noise levels; High Volume Sampler; Suspended Particulate Matter; COVID-19