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Deep Learning for the Prediction of Temperature Time Series in the Lining of an Electric Arc Furnace for Structural Health Monitoring at Cerro Matoso S.A. (CMSA)
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1  Universidad Nacional de Colombia
2  Cerromatoso SA


Cerro Matoso SA (CMSA) is located in Montelibano, Colombia. It is one of the biggest producers of ferronickel in the world. The structural health monitoring process performed in the electric arc furnaces at CMSA, is of great importance in the maintenance and control of ferronickel production. The control of thermal and dimensional conditions of the electric furnace aims to detect and prevent failures that may affect its physical integrity. A network of thermocouples distributed radially and at different heights from the furnace wall, is responsible for monitoring the temperatures in the electric furnace lining. In order to optimize the operation of the electric furnace, it is important to predict the temperature at some points. However, this can be difficult due the number of variables which it depends on. To predict the temperature behavior in the electric furnace lining, a deep learning model for time series prediction has been developed. ARIMA, LSTM, GRU and other combinations were tested. Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) characterized by its multivariate and multi output type had the lowest square error. A study of the best input variables for the model that influence the temperature behavior is also carried out. Some of the input variables are the power, current, impedance, calcine chemistry, temperature history, among others. The methodology to tune the parameters of the GRU deep learning model is described. Results show an excellent behavior for predicting the temperatures 6 hours into the future with root mean square errors of 3%. This model will be integrated to a software that obtains data for a time window from the distributed control system (DCS) to feed the model. In addition, this software will have a graphical user interface used by the operators furnace in the control room. Results of this work will improve the process of structural control and health monitoring at Cerro Matoso S.A.

Keywords: deep learning, arc furnace, time series, structural health monitoring, temperature prediction