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Supplier Selection in Electrical and Electronic Industry from a Sustainable Point of View
Published: 21 October 2012 by MDPI in The 2nd World Sustainability Forum session Corporate Sustainability Strategy
Abstract: One of the most notable paradigms increases the productivity of the firms is managing the supply chains and supply chain management (SCM) has come to play a critical role as a key to optimize the business activities under recent agile improvement of network technology and economic globalization. One of the crucial challenges for purchasing department in SCM is supplier evaluation and selection. On the other hand, sustainable development has become a buzzword that received a lot of attentions by policy makers, the popular press, and journals in different scientific fields as an interdisciplinary issue. During the last two decades, sustainability issue has acquired a dominant place in SCM and now is being discussed seriously. Thereby, sustainable purchasing and sustainable supplier selection will be fertile areas for research. Since the Electrical & Electronic industry (E&E) is an important contributor to the economy of worldwide business, the supplier selection issue in E&E industry is considered in this work. First, among the extensive range of supplier selection literature in different industries, supplier selection papers in E&E industry is derived. Then, reviewing and going through these papers, a comprehensive framework for supplier selection criteria considering sustainability in E&E industry is proposed. Finally, the real case study from E&E industry of Malaysia is applied and the proposed framework is utilized to select the best suppliers in the mentioned company. It is worthy to note that, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach is applied in this case to rank the suppliers.
Keywords: Sustainability, supplier selection, Supply chain management, E&E industry, DEA