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Preservation of the cultural heritage from floods using the numerical code Iber
José Gonzalez-Cao * 1 , Orlando García-Feal 1 , Luis Cea 2 , Moncho Gómez-Gesteira 1
1  Enviromental Physics Laboratory (EPHYSLAB), Universidade de Vigo, Campus As Lagoas s/n, 32004, Orense, Spain;
2  Enviromental and Water Engineering Group, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil, Universidade da Coruña, Campus Elviña s/n, Coruña, España


Abstract: Preserving the cultural heritage of antiquity is one of the most important tasks of the mankind. On this basis, the European Parliament, via the Policy Department Structural and Cohesion Policies, published the study entitled: “Protecting The Cultural Heritage From Natural Disasters”. This study analyses the actions that are being carried out to protect the cultural heritage from floods, earthquakes and other natural phenomena in Europe. In this work the numerical code Iber has been used to design the protection barriers from floods of the Roman Military Camp of “Aquis Querquennis” (69-79 A.C.). This roman camp, inside the Roman Itinerary “Via Nova”, is located in the shore of the “Las Conchas” impoundment in the Northwest of Spain. This camp is subjected to the floods associated to this impoundment of “Las Conchas”. Therefore, and according to the directives of the European Parliament, a series of protecting measures have been analysed using Iber, which is a 2-D numerical code developed by GEAMA (Universidade da Coruña) and Flumen (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya) that uses the finite volume technique to solve the 2-D Shallow Water Equations.

Keywords: flood, numerical code, Iber, cultural heritage
Comments on this paper
Raquel Nieto
floods and archeological sites
Congratulations for this application.
It is really interesting the possibilities of this model to improve the management of cultural sites.

Is this model easily addapted to other sites? for instance, with more complex terrain?

nice work!
José Gonzalez-Cao
Dear Dr. Nieto,

thank for your comment!

The preservation of the cultural heritage, in my view, is one of the most important issues concerning both people and public and private administrations all around the globe. This work tries to show a new methodology to deal with this issue.

On connection to your question regarding the applicability of this model to other sites:
The topography of the terrain is obtained from raster files that can be freely downloaded from the website: The resolution of these raster files can be less than 5 meters. This high resolution along with the very friendly user interface of Iber to deal with these raster files make that this model can be easily adapted to other sites with uneven terrain.

Best regards

Dr. González-Cao