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Design and use of nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts for the unsaturated alcohols selective oxidation
Violeta-Carolina Niculescu * 1 , Nicolae Aldea 2 , Vasile Rednic 2 , Simona Somacescu 3 , Viorica Parvulescu 4
1  National Research and Development for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies -ICSI Ramnicu Valcea
2  National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies
3  ”Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry, Romanian Academy
4  “Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bucharest, Romania

Published: 03 September 2018 by MDPI AG in 1st International Online Conference on Nanomaterials session Posters
10.3390/IOCN_2018-1-05496
Abstract:

Since the discovery of the MCM-41 and FSM-16 in the early 1990`s of the last century, great and fascinating progress has been made in the design, preparation, characterisation and application of mesoporous silica materials. The mesoporous silica MCM-41 was successfully synthesized and used as the support to immobilize transition metals, such as nickel and ruthenium. High-surface-area supports like mesoporous silica afford highly dispersed metal oxide species which are the key parameter in the rather difficult liquid-phase oxidation of cyclohexene. The synthesized material has high specific surface area, narrow pore size distribution, and large pore with high wall thickness which is very suitable for using as support material. The transitional metals were effectively dispersed on MCM-41 by the direct synthesis method and kept the original 2D hexagonal mesostructure. The obtained nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption, ultraviolet-visible, XPS and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. X-ray absorption spectroscopy showed the presence of Ru-O bonds, suggesting a higher number of oxidic species. The adopted procedure was simple, green and efficient for unsaturated alcohols oxidation, such as 1-buten-3-ol. The use of a clean oxidant such as H2O2, was an important feature of a green chemical reaction since it resulted only water as by-product. The nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts enabled a better accessibility of active sites to bulky substrate molecules, reflected in the high conversions and better selectivity.

Keywords: alcohol, catalyst, mesoporous silica, nanostructure, selective oxidation
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