[B004] The Role of Molecular Dications in Planetary Atmospheric Escape
2 Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnologies, University of Perugia, Via Elce di Sotto, 8, 06123 Perugia, Italy
3 IOM CNR Laboratorio TASC, 34012 Trieste, Italy
4 Sincrotrone Trieste, Area Science Park, 34149, Basovizza, Trieste, Italy
5 Department of Chemistry and Drug Technology, University of Rome ‘‘La Sapienza’’, 00185 Rome, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fundamental properties of multiply charged molecular ions, such as energetics, structure, stability, lifetime and fragmentation dynamics, are relevant to understand and to model the behavior of gaseous plasmas as well as ionosphere and astrophysical environments. Experimental determinations of the Kinetic Energy Released (KER) for ions originating from dissociations reactions, induced by Coulomb explosion of doubly charged molecular ions (molecular dications) produced by double photoionization of CO2, N2O and C2H2 molecules of interest in planetary atmospheres, are reported. The KER measurement as a function of the ultraviolet (UV) photon energy in the range of 28-65 eV are extracted from the electron-ion-ion coincidence spectra obtained by using tunable synchrotron radiation coupled with ion imaging techniques at the ELETTRA Synchrotron Light Laboratory Trieste, Italy. These experiments allow assessing the probability of escape for simple ionic species in the upper atmosphere of Mars, Venus and Titan. The measured KER in the case of H+, C+, CH+, CH2+, N+, O+, CO+, N2+ and NO+ fragment ions are ranging between 1.0 and 5.5 eV, being large enough to allow these ionic species in participating in the atmospheric escape from such planets into space.
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