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Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) from Italy: Threatened Endemisms
* 1 , 2
1  Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari
2  Departement of Biology, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Via Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
Academic Editor: Giorgio Perrella


The study presents an updated overview of the 28 endemic threatened Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) in Italy: Arrhenatherum elatius subsp. nebrodense, Barbarea rupicola, Brassica baldensis, Brassica glabrescens, Brassica macrocarpa, Brassica rupestris subsp. hispida, Brassica rupestris subsp. rupestris, Brassica trichocarpa, Brassica tyrrhena, Brassica villosa subsp. bivonana, Brassica villosa subsp. brevisiliqua, Brassica villosa subsp. drepanensis, Brassica villosa subsp. tineoi, Brassica villosa subsp. villosa, Daucus broteroi, Daucus carota subsp. rupestris, Daucus nebrodensis, Diplotaxis scaposa, Thinopyrum corsicum (=Elytrigia corsica), Festuca centroapenninica, Lathyrus apenninus, Lathyrus odoratus, Malus crescimmanoi, Phalaris arundinacea subsp. rotgesii, Vicia consentina, Vicia giacominiana, Vicia ochroleuca subsp. ochroleuca, Vicia tenuifolia subsp. elegans. Geographical distribution, ecology (with plant communities and habitat 92/43/EEC aspects), genetics (focused on gene pools), property, and in situ and ex situ conservation were analyzed. In addition, with the aim of their protection and valorization, specific actions are recommended.

Keywords: gene pool; geographical distribution; threatened; valorization