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Further Evidence for the Mechanism of Formation ofCoumarin by Perkin Reaction from salicylaldehyde and a Novel Synthesis of 1,1-diphenyl-2(2'-hydroxyphenyl) ethene from O-α,α-diphenylacetylsalicylaldehyde with Et3N
1 , 2
1  Presently with Dow Chemicals International Pvt Ltd Pune R & D Center, Panchshil Tech Park, 6th Floor Yerawada, Pune-411 006
2  Department of Chemistry, University College of Science, 92, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, Kolkata-700 009

Abstract: The mechanism of formation of coumarin (1) by Perkin reaction from salicylaldehyde was shown to involve exclusively a basecatalyzed intramolecular aldol-type condensation of O-acetyl salicylaldehyde (2) as an obligatory intermediate followed by dehydration. Direct evidence in support of this contention was provided by the formation of coumarin and 3-phenyl coumarin(5) as the sole products in the reactions of O-acetyl salicylaldehyde(2)with Et3N or NaOAc and O-α-phenyl acetyl salicylaldehyde (4) with Et3N, respectively. A novel synthesis of 1,1-diphenyl-2(2'-hydroxyphenyl)ethene(8a) was achieved by the reaction of O-α,α-diphenylacetylsalicylaldehyde (6) with Et3N. A plausible mechanism of formation of 8a in the above reaction is proposed. The formation of 8a is assumed to involve an intermediate β-lactone (9) formed through two consecutive intramolecular condensation. Base-catalyzed decarboxylation of 9 finally gives 8a.
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