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Synthesis of A3B-phthalocyanine Derivatives Bearing N-heterocycles as Potential Cationic Photodynamic Agents
Published: 30 November 2007 by MDPI in The 11th International Electronic Conference on Synthetic Organic Chemistry session General Organic Synthesis
Abstract: Unsymmetrically substituted A 3 B-phthalocyanine derivatives bearing annulated 6-membered N-heterocycles, pyridine and pyrazine rings, have been synthesized by ring expansion reaction of subphthalocyanines. The geometrically constrained subphthalocyanines (A 3 ) were reacted with 1,2-phthalonitrile derivatives (B), in presence of 8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), to form the A 3 B-phthalocyanine. The reactions were carried out in DMSO/1- chloronaphthalene at 130-140 °C for 15 h. This approach produces selectively A 3 B-phthalocyanines with high yields (75-90%) and it requires simple purification procedure since there are not byproducts. The spectroscopic properties of the A 3 B-phthalocyanines were compared with its homologous non-substituted Zn(II)phthalocyanine. In these compounds, annulated 6-membered N- heterocycles are precursors of cationic groups by methylation and therefore they represent interesting agents with potential applications in photodynamic inactivation of microorganisms.