1,2,3-Triazole ring has remarkable importance in medicinal chemistry due to its unique biological properties such as metabolic stability and ability to form hydrogen bonds. Several biological activities had been reported for this structural nucleus, while paracetamol (acetaminophen, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide) is one of the most popular and widely used drugs for the treatment of pain and fever. Applying a molecular hybridization strategy, numerous 1,2,3-triazole-based compounds have been designed, prepared, and studied for pharmacological applications in multiple laboratories around the world. Considering this context, we used expired acetaminophen pills as starting material for generating new series of functionalized paracetamol-1,2,3-triazole hybrids. Their synthesis consists of Cu(PPh3)3Br-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of O-propargyl-acetaminophen and several azides prepared from commercially available anilines, following the protocol reported by Filimonov et al. Performing click chemistry and considering green chemistry principles, interesting paracetamol-1,2,3-triazole derivatives were easily prepared in 64-93 % yields. Obtained hybrids were subjected to In Silico analysis (Molinspiration, OSIRIS and DRUDIT), evaluating some physicochemical properties and toxicity risks. According to the predicted biological properties, most of the prepared hybrid molecules exhibit adequate parameters as potential pharmacological agents, presenting high inhibitory activity, low risks of toxicity, and good affinity for various biological targets. This work highlights the recycling of expired drugs and the accessibility to new paracetamol-based compounds under green mild reaction conditions (H2O/tert-BuOH mixture, rt) and low catalytic loads (1 mol% Cu(PPh3)3Br).
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Cu(PPh3)3Br-CATALYZED SYNTHESIS OF NEW PARACETAMOL-1,2,3-TRIAZOLE MOLECULAR HYBRIDS FROM EXPIRED COMMERCIAL TABLETS AND THEIR IN SILICO ASSESSMENT TO STUDY THEIR PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Published: 01 November 2022 by MDPI in 8th International Electronic Conference on Medicinal Chemistry session Small molecules as drug candidates
Keywords: Paracetamol-1,2,3-triazole hybrids; 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition; In Silico studies.