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Identification of Magnetic/Gravitational Field Patterns for Localization in Space
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1  Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences
Academic Editor: Francisco Falcone


Establishing control over a mission to explore space is still one of the most difficult tasks. In order to achieve such mission control, we need communications into space through the transmission and reception of radio signals. To improve communication conditions, we propose a tracking system to locate space gadgets and transmit signals at minimum distances to reduce free space attenuation. We propose the case of a satellite sent off to the Moon or Mars to points where tracking devices can no longer reach them. In the paper, we discuss the methods and strategies to carry on this idea. The fingerprint of magnetic and gravitational fields can give us information to differentiate the quantity of electromagnetic waves that are received at a point in space in three dimensions. Each planet has specific characteristics, a field around the planet, whether magnetic, electrical, or otherwise, that protects its surface. The use of a spectrometer of masses allows us to identify the neighboring magnetic field, as well as the composition of celestial bodies, and is a clear solution for the observation and monitoring of the planet. Also, the use of an oscillator is proposed to enhance the spectrometer. In conjunction with the use of a magnetometer, we can get an accurate measurement of the field of celestial bodies, magnetic or not and its composition. Also, with the integration of an accelerometer the altitude will be transformed into speed data, and to analyze its variation, we turn this data into gravitational force and define if the satellite is closer to the atmosphere of the celestial body. Attached to the sensing stage, a network of SatComs will be used to amplify the received signal to reach the ground station. Two SatComs per orbit will be positioned into specific Lagrange points of the celestial body.

Keywords: magnetic field; space localization; spectrometer