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Documentation of medicinal plants used to treat cardiovascular ailments in the Rif region of northern Morocco.
* 1 , 2
1  Agri-Food and Health Laboratory (AFHL), Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Settat; Hassan First University; Address: Po Box 382, 26000 Settat, Morocco.
2  Plant, Animal Productions and Agro-industry Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, B.P.133 14000, Kenitra, Morocco.
Academic Editor: MOL2NET Team (registering DOI)

Background: Moroccans have used medicinal plants for centuries to treat various human and cattle health issues. However, there is a need for more research to document and share indigenous ethnopharmacological knowledge. In this study, we aimed to identify medicinal plants indigenous people in the Rif region used to treat cardiovascular problems and assess their ethnomedicinal abilities.

Methods: From 2016 to 2018, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in the Moroccan Rif area, surveying 520 traditional herbalists and consumers. We used quantitative ethnobotanical indicators such as family importance value (FIV), the relative frequency of citation (RFC), plant part value (PPV), fidelity level (FL), and informant consensus factor (ICF) to analyze the data.

Results: Our analysis revealed 33 plant species from 20 families, with Poaceae being the most dominant (7 species). Among the cardiovascular disorders treated, cardiac arrhythmias had the highest ICF (0.98). Leaves were the most frequently used plant part (PPV = 0.353), and decoction was the most common preparation method (31%).

Conclusions: Our study found evidence of indigenous ethnomedicinal knowledge of medicinal plants used to treat cardiovascular illnesses in the Moroccan Rif. We recommend further phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology research to discover new drugs from these documented medicinal plants.

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Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Ethnobotany, Ethnomedicine, Herbal medicine, Medicinal plant.
Comments on this paper
Humbert G. Díaz
Dear author(s), Happy New Year 24, Thank you for your contribution to our conference!!!
We have a question for you, you can read and answer bellow.

Question for Authors:

Are there reports of isolation, identification, synthesis of chemical derivatives, and biological testing for RIF plants?

What are better candidate species for such studies according to your experience?

REVIEWWWERS'23 participation:
We also invite you to participate in the REVIEWWWERS Workshop, which is now open, by making questions to other authors.
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Sincerely yours

Noureddine Chaachouay
Greetings of the Day !!!
As I indicated in our article, I recommend the plants most cited by the local population of the Rif.
With kind regards