Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is identified as the leading cause of death because of heart disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The early and rapid detection of Troponin I, a cardiovascular disease biomarker, has an imperative role to prevent high risk of death. A lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) for detecting Troponin I quickly and effectively would provide yes/no answers with visual assessment, but not adequate to monitor the early stage of CVD. The Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) technique, offering highly sensitive and quantitative analysis, is integrated with LFA in order to measure Troponin I in a highly specific manner. Although the application of LFA is a modern technique, the development of SERS-based LFA is not straightforward. This research discusses three optimization procedures to develop SERS-based LFA for high sensitivity detection of Troponin I: (a) optimizing gold nanoparticle sizes (30, 50, 80, 100 nm) for SERS quantitative assay on Troponin I LFA; (b) investigating LFA components and fluid flow time to recognize Troponin I with SERS performance; and (c) evaluating different laser wavelengths and laser power for SERS-based LFA for the analysis of Troponin I. In a SERS-based LFA, these parameters are fundamental for augmenting sensitivity and detection limit. The SERS-based LFA became more sensitive than visual detection with naked eyes for quantitative quantification of Troponin I after optimization. In addition, the discussed procedures may offer advantages for the development of SERS-based LFA to detect various biomarkers in a highly sensitive manner.
Previous Article in event
SERS-based Lateral Flow Assay for Sensitive Detection of Troponin-I via Core-shell Plasmonic NanoparticlesPrevious Article in session
Next Article in event Next Article in session
Optimization procedures for development of SERS-based lateral flow assay for high sensitive detection of Troponin I
Published: 08 May 2023 by MDPI in The 3rd International Electronic Conference on Biosensors session Paper-based Biosensors
https://doi.org/10.3390/IECB2023-14562 (registering DOI)
Keywords: Lateral flow assay; Biosensors; Cardiovascular disease (CVD); surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy; POC devices