Weeds are a problem in agriculture because they compete with the crops for resources, causing losses in food production. Due to the recent necessity to change the paradigm to sustainable agriculture, it is necessary to develop alternatives to chemical herbicides. One alternative is bioherbicides based on microorganisms and their compounds. The present study evaluated the herbicidal activity in preemergence of metabolites from Colletotrichum spp. on the indicator species Sorghum bicolor as narrow-leaf weed and Phaseolus vulgaris as broad-leaf weed. Furthermore, were identified the compounds present in metabolites. The Mycology and Biotechnology Laboratory of Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro provided the fungal strains. The metabolites were produced by liquid fermentation filtered with filters of 0.22 µm. The herbicidal activity was evaluated by placing the seeds in Petri dishes on filter paper previously soaked with the treatments. The treatments were concentrations of 6.2 to 100% of metabolites and an absolute witness; In this bioassay three replicates for each treatment were used. The metabolite compounds were characterized with analytical HPLC-ESI-MS, detection of auxins, and the enzymatic activity of celluloses. The metabolites presented herbicidal activity with an inhibition rate of the hypocotyl and radicle of 50 % and 67 % respectively at a concentration of 6.2 % on S. bicolor. In comparison, in P. vulgaris the inhibition rate of hypocotyl and radicle overcame 50 % at a concentration of 50 %. Regarding the germination rate, the metabolites were more efficient in S. bicolor. This study demonstrates the herbicidal effect in preemergence of the metabolites from Colletotrichum spp. and their possible application as a preemergence bioherbicide.
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Herbicidal activity of secondary metabolites from Colletotrichum spp. on Sorghum bicolor and Phaseolus vulgaris development as indicator species in preemergence and their potential as a sustainable alternative in weed control
Published: 13 October 2023 by MDPI in The 3rd International Electronic Conference on Agronomy session Disease, pest and weed control in sustainable agriculture
Keywords: Bioherbicide, biological control, weed, Colletotrichum, metabolites