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Sustainable control of pest, disease and weeds in crop production
* 1 , 2 , 3
1  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Department of Agricultural, Leadership and Community Education 175 West Campus Dr., MC 0343 Blacksburg, VA 24061 U.S.A ORCID: 0000-0002-3942-4201
2  Chicks and Chickens Services Limited, Ghana P. O. Box 459 KNUST, Kumasi - Ghana
3  Ministry of Food and Agriculture Asokwa Municipal Assembly PMB, Kumasi
Academic Editor: Thorsten Kraska


Effective disease, pest, and weed control are crucial for achieving sustainable agricultural practices. The ever-growing global population, coupled with the increasing demand for food, poses a significant challenge to agriculture systems worldwide. To address this challenge sustainably, farmers must employ effective disease, pest, and weed control measures that minimize the negative impacts on the environment, human health, and biodiversity. This study investigates the impact of innovative control methods on agricultural productivity, focusing on 30 farmers (21 male and 9 female) in the Bosome Freho District of Ghana. By implementing innovative strategies, this research aims to provide scalable solutions to optimize crop yields while minimizing the reliance on harmful pesticides.

The study employed a participatory approach, engaging farmers in the co-creation and implementation of sustainable control measures. Through a combination of integrated pest management techniques, biological control agents, and cultural practices, farmers were able to significantly reduce the prevalence of diseases, pests, and weeds in their fields. The results demonstrated a remarkable improvement in crop health, with increased yield and quality observed across various crops, such as maize, pepper, and plantain.

The scalability of these achieved results is a key highlight, as the implemented strategies are easily transferable to other farmers within the Bosome Freho District and beyond. The innovative nature of this study lies in the collaborative approach, which incorporates traditional knowledge and modern agricultural techniques, thereby bridging the gap between traditional and sustainable farming practices. By addressing the critical issue of disease, pest, and weed control in a sustainable manner, this study offers practical solutions to enhance agricultural productivity while preserving the environment and ensuring the long-term viability of farming communities.

Keywords: sustainable agriculture; biodiversity; pest; weed; disease control