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Air Pollution Resulting From Biomass Combustion In Mozambique: Origins, Consequences, And Measures For Mitigation
* 1 , 2
1  Taiyuan University of Technology, Shanxi, PR China
2  College of Economics & Management, Taiyuan University of Technology, No. 79 West Street Yingze, Taiyuan 030024, Shanxi, PR China
Academic Editor: Viney Aneja (registering DOI)

Air pollution is a major environmental concern with far-reaching consequences for human health, ecosystems, and sustainable development. Air pollution resulting from biomass combustion is a significant environmental issue in Mozambique. This study provides an overview of the impact of biomass burning on air quality in the country, focusing on the sources of pollution, emitted pollutants, and the associated health and environmental implications. Mozambique heavily depends on biomass for cooking, heating, and energy production, leading to elevated levels of air pollution caused by burning biomass fuels like wood, agricultural residues, and charcoal. Particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) are all emitted into the atmosphere when biomass is burned. These contaminants harm human health, leading to respiratory and cardiovascular disorders. Furthermore, biomass combustion emits greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), contributing to climate change and global warming. Reducing air pollution caused by biomass in Mozambique is crucial for safeguarding public health and the environment. Initiatives promoting cleaner cooking technologies, such as improved cookstoves and biogas systems, aim to reduce dependence on traditional biomass burning. Additionally, raising awareness about the health risks associated with biomass combustion and ensuring access to alternative energy sources are essential steps in addressing this problem. However, challenges like limited access to clean energy options, financial constraints, and the need for sustainable biomass management techniques persist. To tackle biomass-related air pollution in Mozambique, comprehensive solutions require collaborative efforts involving the government, non-governmental organisations, and international partners. This paper offers an overview of biomass-related air pollution in Mozambique, concentrating on the sources, impacts, and potential solutions. Mozambique can considerably improve air quality, safeguard public health, and contribute to sustainable development by using cleaner cooking technology, supporting sustainable biomass management practices, and raising awareness.

Keywords: Air pollution; Biomass; Sustainable biomass management; Public health; Sustainable development