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Immature Opuntia ficus indica peel by-product as a mayonnaise additive and natural anticoccidial drug
* 1 , 2 , 3 , 1
1  Centre de Recherche en Technologies Agroalimentaires. Route de Targa Ouzemmour, Campus Universitaire, Bejaia 06000, Algeria
2  Laboratpoitre de Biochimie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences de la nature et de la vie. Université de Bejaia. 06000. Bejaia. Algérie.
3  Laboratoire de Biomathématiques, Biophysique, Biochimie, et Scientométrie (L3BS), Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, Bejaia, Algérie
Academic Editor: Manuel Viuda-Martos


In recent years, the valorization of food by-products has attracted increased interest in the scientific community for ecological and economic reasons. Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI) peels are the primary by-product of prickly pears. Several studies claim that the beneficial bioactive compounds are concentrated in the fruit's peel. Therefore, the present investigation aimed to study OFI peel immature as a natural antioxidant in mayonnaise and its use as a natural treatment against coccidiosis, which is the main disease of broiler chickens. The finding confirmed that OFI peels are a source of phenolic compounds, including total phenolic compounds, flavonoids, tannins, and carotenoids (21.01±0.33, 1.12±0.28, 10.25±0.10 mg equivalent standard/g, and 5.62±0.53 mg β-carotene equivalent /100 g, respectively), having strong antioxidant activities over 87 percent (DPPH radical, iron chelation power, β-carotene bleaching). Using rancimat test OFI extract improves the mayonnaise's stability for 2.5 hours. Immature OFI peel extracts recorded a notable destruction rate of Eimeria oocysts. The current study promoted the use of immature OFI peel extracts as a natural food additive and as an antiparasitic treatment substitute.

Keywords: Opuntia ficus-indica, immature peel, antioxidant, anticoccidial activity, Chickens, Mayonnaise