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Development of a compact IoT-enabled device to monitor air pollution for environmental sustainability
* 1 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 3
1  Sri Sairam Institute of Technology
2  Sri Sai Ram Institute of Technology
3  Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering
Academic Editor: Stefano Mariani (registering DOI)

Degrading air quality has been a matter of concern nowadays, and monitoring the air quality helps us keep a check on it. Air pollution is a pressing global issue with far-reaching impacts on public health and the environment. The need for effective and real-time monitoring systems has become increasingly apparent to combat this growing concern. Here, an innovative air pollution monitoring system (APMS) that leverages internet of things (IoT) technology to enable comprehensive and dynamic air quality assessment is introduced. The proposed APMS employs a network of IoT-enabled sensors strategically deployed across urban and industrial areas. These sensors are equipped to measure various pollutants, including particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Here, a regression model is created to forecast air quality using sensor data while taking into account variables including weather information, traffic patterns, and pollutants. Additionally, air quality categories (such as good, moderate, and harmful) are classified using classification algorithms based on preset thresholds. The IoT architecture facilitates seamless data transmission from these sensors to a centralized cloud-based platform. The developed APMS monitors the air quality using a MQ-135 gas sensor, and the data are shared over a web server using the internet. An alarm will trigger when the air quality goes below a certain level. Also, the air quality, which is measured in parts per million (PPM), is displayed on the unit connected to it. Further, an alert message is sent to the air pollution control board when the PPM goes beyond a certain level, which takes preventive measures to control the pollution and also alerts the people, which helps each person in that society save their environment from pollution and have a good air quality environment. Additionally, the APMS offers user-friendly interfaces, accessible through web and mobile applications, to empower citizens with real-time air quality information. The effectiveness of the IoT-based air pollution monitoring system has been validated through successful field trials in urban and industrial environments, and it has the ability to provide real-time data insights and empower stakeholders in promoting environmental sustainability and fostering citizen engagement.

Keywords: Air pollution, Display unit, Gas Sensor, Internet of Things, Web server