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Emerging Foodborne Pathogens: Challenges and Strategies for Ensuring Food Safety
* 1 , 2 , 3 , 3 , 4 , 3 , 3
1  National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2  National Institute of Food Science and Techno UAF, Pakistan
3  National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
4  National Institute of Food Science and Technology, UAF, Pakistan
Academic Editor: Nico Jehmlich


This research paper aims to explore the challenges posed by emerging foodborne pathogens and the strategies employed to ensure food safety. The study conducted a comprehensive literature review to gather information on the latest trends in foodborne pathogens, their impact on public health, and the measures taken to mitigate their risks. Various scientific databases were utilized to identify relevant articles, research papers, and reports. The research findings highlight the emergence of new and re-emerging foodborne pathogens, such as Salmonella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and norovirus. These pathogens pose significant health risks and can lead to outbreaks and foodborne illnesses. The study examines the factors contributing to the emergence of these pathogens, including changes in food production, globalization, climate change, and antimicrobial resistance. Furthermore, the research explores the challenges faced in controlling and preventing the spread of these pathogens throughout the food supply chain. It examines issues related to contamination during production, processing, transportation, and consumption. The study also investigates the limitations of current detection methods and the need for improved surveillance systems to identify and respond to emerging pathogens effectively. In terms of strategies for ensuring food safety, the research highlights the importance of implementing preventive measures, such as good agricultural practices, proper sanitation, and hygiene protocols. It emphasizes the significance of robust food safety regulations and policies to enforce compliance across the industry. Additionally, the study explores the role of education and awareness campaigns in promoting safe food handling practices among consumers.

Overall, this research contributes to the understanding of emerging foodborne pathogens and provides insights into the challenges and strategies involved in ensuring food safety. The findings underscore the need for continuous monitoring, research, and collaboration among stakeholders to mitigate the risks associated with these pathogens and safeguard public health.

Keywords: food borne pathogens, challenges, food safety, preventive measures