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The Integration of an Operational Fire Hot Spots Processing Chain in a Multi-Hazard Emergency Management Service Platform (PHAROS)
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1  German Aerospace Center (DLR), Earth Observation Center, Münchner Str. 20, 82234 Weßling, Germany

Published: 22 June 2015 by MDPI in 1st International Electronic Conference on Remote Sensing session Posters

The project PHAROS (Project on a Multi-Hazard Open Platform for Satellite Based Downstream Services) designs and implements a multi-hazard open service platform which integrates space-based earth observation, satellite communications and navigation (Galileo/GNSS) assets to provide sustainable (pre-operational) services for a wide variety of users in multi-application domains, such as prediction/early detection of emergencies, population alerting, environmental monitoring and crisis management. While the service platform is designed to be multi-hazard, the specific developments for the pre-operational system and pilot demonstration will be focused on the forest fire scenario. The platform will integrate data from EO satellites and in-situ sensors process it and provide the results to a series of key services for disaster management in its different phases. One of the main concerns is to provide fire hot spots as an input for the PHAROS Simulation Service.

These fire hot spots (thermal anomalies) are derived automatically and in near real time (NRT) from MODIS data. The MODIS data are available in a high (1d) temporal and in a medium (250m – 1000m) spatial resolution. For the detection of high temperature events (HTE) the MOD14 algorithm is used. The algorithm is based on the shift of the radiances/reflectance to shorter wavelengths (middle infrared) with an increasing surface temperature. MOD14 is well documented and tested in operational services and guarantees comparability and reproducibility as well as a standardized international acknowledged product. The thermal information is collected at 1000 m spatial resolution twice daily by each sensor (Terra and Aqua) providing up to four thermal observations daily. The MODIS images used for fire detection are acquired from two direct broadcast receiving stations from DLR located in Oberpfaffenhofen and Neustrelitz (Germany).

This Poster will give an overview of the processing chain from the reception, the processing and derivation of the fire hot spots to the dissemination in the Pharos system.

Keywords: MODIS, wildfire, multi hazard, PHAROS