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Change detection of Lakes in Pokhara, Nepal using Landsat Data
1 , 1 , 2 , * 1
1  Department of Civil Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, 24341 Republic of Korea
2  Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal


Pokhara, city of lakes, is second largest and most beautiful tourist place in Nepal. Out of seven lakes, the large three: Phewa, Begnas and Rupa are famous for tourist attraction, whereas the rest are small and less known. Lakes are not only have economic value, but are also ecological and environmental resources. But, these lakes are facing challenges due to climatic and anthropogenic activities. As these changes are slow and takes long time, the damage unnoticed to take measures. Hence, long historic data provided such as of remote sensors are concrete evidence of change, which help us understand the cause and prevent further change. Landsat series provide the continuous data with high temporal resolution freely to the scientific community. For such data, many simple and low cost index methods has been developed to identify water bodies. In this study, we use these indices to detect the change of lakes in Pokhara city using Landsat data of 25 years gap. A model is developed in ArcGIS by differencing the water bodies derived form index methods and difference were calculated for positive and negative change. The result can be helpful in reclaiming and restoration of lake area, preserve and maintain the wetland ecosystem in the city.

Keywords: Pokhara; Nepal; Seven lakes; Landsat; Water Index; Change detection