Biomass has become an alternative to replace petroleum derived materials. Several methodologies for its valorization have been investigated to obtain high value products in a more sustainable way. Rice husk (RH) is an agricultural waste that contains up to 20 wt% of silica. Microwave assisted extraction was employed to remove metal ions from rice husk to obtain a highly pure mesoporous silica. Biogenic silica (RH-Silica) was employed as a support to design a new iron oxide catalyst (Fe/RH-Silica) by an efficient mechanochemical process. Synthesized materials were characterized by different techniques including N2 physisorption, XRD, TEM, SEM and DRIFT. Materials presented excellent properties and a high activity in organic reactions. Fe/RH-Silica catalyst was tested in the selective oxidation of styrene and the alkylation of toluene under microwave irradiation. High conversion and selectivity were achieved for the desire products.
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Design of a new iron catalyst by mechanochemistry using rice husk as a green silica source
Published: 30 August 2018 by MDPI in 1st International Online Conference on Nanomaterials session Materials
Keywords: Rice Husk ; Silica; Mechanochemistry; Iron oxide; Oxidation; Alkylation