Synthesis of nanostructured materials is not straightforward that involve the complicated use of surfactant templates. Currently, only non-renewable resources that are hazardous and toxic are used to produce the surfactant templates in the industries. This study presents an environmentally friendly and efficient route for the synthesis of nanostructured of both silica and hematite using rice starch as a promising biomaterials template. The rice starch-templated synthesis yield both hematite and silica with nano-sized and high surface area. In particular, the nanostructured silica showed a pseudo-spherical morphology with nano-sized from 13 to 22 nm, amorphous structure and surface area of 538.74 m2•g−1. On the other hand, the nanostructured hematite showed an oval-shaped morphology with nano-sized from 24 to 48 nm, rhombohedral structure, and surface area of 20.04 m2•g−1. Interestingly, both synthesized silica and hematite showed capability as good nano-catalysts. More importantly, the used of rice starch-template a greener approach in the synthesis of nanomaterials have been successfully outlined.
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Rice Starch-Templated Synthesis of Nanostructured Silica and Hematite
Published: 30 August 2018 by MDPI in 1st International Online Conference on Nanomaterials session Synthesis
Keywords: nanostructured materials; rice starch; template-assisted synthesis; nanoparticles hematite; poros silica