Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – CPR is a recurring practice in medical urgency and emergency. CPR is characterizes by a set of maneuvers performed in an attempt to reanimate the victim of cardiac and / or respiratory arrest and is intended to cause the heart and lung to return to their normal functions while maintaining oxygenation of the brain. This scenario represents an extreme medical emergency, which can lead to irreversible brain injury and even death if appropriate measures to restore blood flow and breathing are not performed properly. Thus, students and professionals in the area must acquire skills that enable them to act quickly and efficiently during patient care. This work proposes to adapt an existing sensor and embed on mannequins used in CPR training to accurately measure the amount of air supplied to the lungs during ventilation. The proposed sensor consists of measuring the airflow using propellers. The method directly measures the variable of interest and makes reference to expirometric techniques in the elaboration of its model, improving the realism of the dummies. The projected sensor presented an agreement with its theoretical model and with the expirometric model, besides advantages over the sensors that are used for this purpose. It was suitable for applications with an accuracy of ±17 mL, and resolution of 50 mL and 26 mL for initial and final measurements, respectively, ranging from 30 to 1800 mL.
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Sensor for measuring the volume of air supplied to the lungs in ventilation maneuvers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adults embedded on mannequins
Published: 14 November 2018 by MDPI in 5th International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications session Applications
Keywords: Urgency; Emergency; Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - CPR; Sensor; Mannequins; Expirometric techniques.