The attenuation due to vegetation can limit drastically the performance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and the Internet of Things (IoT) communication systems. Even more for the envisaged high data rates expected for the upcoming 5G mobile wireless communications. In this context, radio planning tasks become necessary in order to assess the validity of future WSN and IoT systems operating in vegetation environments. For that purpose, path loss models for scenarios with vegetation play a key role since they provide RF power estimations that allow an optimized design and performance of the wireless network. Although different propagation models for vegetation obstacles can be found in the literature, a model combining path loss and multipath propagation is rarely considered. In this contribution, we present the characterization of the radio channel for IoT and 5G systems in a real recreation area located within a dense oak forest environment. This specific forest, composed of thick in-leaf trees, is called Orgi Forest and it is situated in Navarre, Spain. In order to fit and validate a radio channel model for this type of scenarios, both measurements and simulations by means of an in-house developed 3D Ray Launching algorithm have been performed, which takes into account the previously mentioned path loss and multipath propagation phenomena.
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Radio Channel Characterization in Dense Forest Environments for IoT-5G
Published: 14 November 2018 by MDPI in 5th International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications session Sensors networks
Keywords: Internet of Things; 5G; Wireless Sensor Networks; path loss models; forest; thick-in leaf trees; 3D Ray Launching