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Disaster Resilient Residential Planning through the Integration of Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response to the Economic and Socialized Housing Project Standards in the Philippines
1  University Instructor, University of Santo Tomas, College of Architecture, España Boulevard, Sampaloc, Manila, PHILIPPINES
2  Information and Communication Cluster Head, UAP Emergency Architects Scout Rallos, Diliman, Quezon City, PHILIPPINES

Abstract:

The rapid rate of urbanization is concentrated in megacities worldwide. The increase of urban population consequently requires an increasing demand in basic human needs, such as food security, adequate shelter, and the attainment of good quality of life. In addition, megacities face the challenge to provide infrastructure development, including socialized housing that integrates the concepts of sustainability and resilience into the built environment.

The resilience concept in the built environment in relation to the disaster risk management cycle highlights the importance of adaptability and resilience as integral components of planning and design of buildings. By examining the fundamental components of the International Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response vis-a-vis the fundamental components of the Socialized and Economic Housing Project Standards in the Philippines, and by looking at components of the two standards, this paper aims to synthesize essential components that are complementary to the disaster risk management cycle. Furthermore, this paper aims to integrate components of urban resilience as recommendation in creating sustainable and disaster resilient housing standards for the future.

To make future housing projects adaptive to future needs in times of disasters, incorporation of necessary standards in humanitarian charter and disaster response would lead to a better development of communities worldwide. Making future socialized housing projects that incorporates adaptability and social inclusivity will not only address urban development problems but will also contribute to the transformation of sustainable and resilient communities. Designing spaces that are flexible and adaptive, while integrating a socially-inclusive design process will enable physical development professionals achieve social sustainability and strengthen disaster resiliency. Putting resilience components and the core principles of recovery, rapidity, robustness, and resourcefulness into future built infrastructure would enable a better integration of resilience theories into practice and real-life application.

Keywords: resilient housing; adaptive housing; disaster resilient residential planning; sphere standards application; resilient evacuation
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