The concept of community disaster resilience is an increasingly important discourse on environmental changes and has been under debate on international academic and policy circles over the past decade. While conceptualizing disaster resilience is increasingly seen as a significant and requisite undertaking in hazard mitigation, reduction, and planning, there exist only a few number of frameworks in the literature presenting systematic methodology and guideline for empirical measurement of the concept. In addition, the question of whether such a measurement can adequately address the ongoing or emerging needs of local stakeholders and governments remains in agenda.
To tackle this challenge, this study first intends to synthesis the needs of local stakeholders in community resilience measurement to serve both as a shared vison of resilience measurement missions and as a basis for developing a technical procedure for operationalizing community disaster resilience. Next, based on the defined needs, we propose a synthesized procedure that highlights how the needs of local stakeholders can be translated in measurement process. Finally, the developed framework is applied in order to perform a quality assessment of the 10 most well-known and related measurement frameworks.
This synthesized approach, therefore, can bridge the gap between the visions and actions in resilience measurement and provide a measurement that is need-based, proactive rather than reactive, and action-oriented. Furthermore, it can predispose local stakeholders, leaders, and planners to prioritize those actions that are needed more to build and sustain resilience. The quality assessment demonstrates in-depth information regarding the characteristics of each measurement framework, which can be used to identify weaknesses and limitations of current disaster resilience measures and to improve them where needed, in order to meet the risk preparation and planning needs of stakeholders, decision makers, and urban planners.