In this work an innovative method to obtain hybrid bio-functional scaffolds has been developed. Polyether urethane (PU) foam scaffolds were synthetized by one-step gas foaming process. PU foams were coated with crosslinked gelatin hydrogel to promote cell adhesion and proliferation for the regeneration of soft tissues (e.g., adipose tissue). PU foams were coated with inorganic coating (i.e., CaPs) to improve the interaction with osteoblasts for bone tissue regeneration. The functionalized 3D PU porous scaffolds have been characterized investigating morphological properties by SEM and microCT, water uptake and coating stability, and compressive mechanical properties. Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ADSCs), endothelial cells (MS1), amnion mesenchymal cells (AMCs) and chorion mesenchymal cells (CMCs) isolated from human placenta were in vitro cultured on the hybrid functionalized 3D scaffolds. Mechanical properties showed elastic modulus ranging between 15.75 ± 2.14 and 22.9 ± 3.1 kPa; in vitro biological studies showed good cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. In particular, compared to the results with uncoated PU, when cells where differentiated into adipocytes, Oil red O staining confirmed a higher presence of lipid droplets; in case of osteoblasts differentiation, inorganic extracellular matrix deposition was evidenced on CaPs coated PU. The obtained results suggest the important role of an adequate coating on the scaffold to stimulate a better interaction with cells, promoting the differentiation into different cells phenotypes.
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Functionalization of PU Foams via Inorganic and Organic Coatings to Improve Cell and Tissue Interactions
Published: 26 February 2019 by MDPI in 1st Coatings and Interfaces Web Conference session Biomaterial Surfaces & Interfaces
Keywords: polyurethane foam; 3D scaffold; coating; crosslinked gelatin; CaPs; micro-CT; mechanical characterization; in vitro cytocompatibility