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An Economical and Environmental Alternative to Traditional Can Manufacturing Using a New Pre-laminated Steel
Miguel Angel Sellés * 1 , Steven R Schmid 2 , Samuel Sanchez-Caballero 1 , Maziar Ramezani 3 , Elena Perez-Bernabeu 1
1  Universitat Politècnica de València
2  University of North Carolina at Charlotte
3  Auckland University of Technology


Metal containers are the most commonly used packaging worldwide in both the food and beverage industry. Some manufacturing processes in the canning industry include multi-step transformations that take large aluminum or steel coils and make them into two or three-piece cans. During this process, the containers are sprayed to obtain a better surface for the contents; however, this spray produces volatile organic compounds (VOC). This paper presents a new and environmentally friendly can manufacturing method, which uses a novel pre-laminated two-layer polymer steel. As experimentally proven, this innovative polymer-coated steel successfully withstands every manufacturing requirement. The specimens were tested in an ironing simulator, measuring roughness and friction coefficients. The development of an upper bound ironing model, along with a supporting neural network, allows an insight into the design of new materials for can manufacturing.

Keywords: Coating; Ironing; VOC; Upper Bound; Neural Network