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1  University of São Paulo

Published: 12 September 2020 by MDPI in The First World Energies Forum session Energy Policy (registering DOI)

Renewable energy was responsible for more than a half in world capacity additions growth in 2017 and its share in total capacity increase will grow 46% until 2023, supporting an energy transition scenario [1],[2]. The employment of a technology that ensures a secure supply and expands renewables integration is a turning point in such a scenario. Energy Storage Systems (ESS), mainly batteries, may be the technology fundamental to bolster the growth of the renewables [3],[4], due to its services providing that may lead the deployment of the renewable, simultaneously ensuring the balance of the grid [3],[5].

Despite the strong confidence in the new role presented by ESS, there are still some concerns regarding business and legal barriers, and grid stability [4] [5]. To overcome uncertainties and foster storage implementation, it is fundamental to map risks and uncertainties and identify further benefits as parameters for an ESS implementation project. This work developed a framework to guide an ESS implementation into a timeline, separating the required actions into short, medium and long-term.

The required actions consider opportunities and risks regarding market orientation, society and populational changes, available technologies, political targets, and climatic agreements. The methodology labels these terms into barriers and opportunities, establishing working fronts and actions. As a result, it is expected a framework for an ESS insertion in Brazil.

[1] I. E. Agency, “Renewables 2018 market analysis and forecast from 2018 to 2023,” 2018.

[2] BloombergNEF, “Batteries boom enables world to get half of electricity from wind and solar by 2050,” 2018.

[3] Eurobat, “Battery Energy Storage in the EU” EUROBAT, 2016.

[4] I. Usera, P. Rodilla, S. Burger, I. Herrero, and C. Batlle, “The regulatory debate about energy storage systems: State of the art and open issues,” IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 42–50, 2017.

[5] A. Gallo, J. Simões-Moreira, H. Costa, M. Santos, and E. M. dos Santos, “Energy storage in the energy transition context: A technology review,” Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 65, pp. 800–822, 2016.

Keywords: Energy Storage System; Framework, Storage Technology; Energy Sustainability; IDRP (Integrated Distribution Resource Planning)