Natural products derived from plants are used to treat cancer due to fewer side effects compared to standard treatments available for cancer. The second highest cancer that causes death worldwide is lung cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the cytotoxic activity of hot and cold aqueous extract of E. tapos seed and shell on human cancer cell line A549 as well as the apoptosis mechanism. The apoptosis mechanisms were evaluated by cell viability (MTT assay), Hoechst 33358 staining, detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor suppressor p53 activity, and caspase-3/7 activity. The apoptosis-inducing activity was analyzed in a set of morphological and biochemical features. Hot aqueous shell extract (SHH) showed an anti-proliferative effect at the IC50 of 49.8 ± 0.06 µg/mL correlated with apoptosis induction by increasing the ROS activity by significant (p<0.05) increase of 3.25 folds, p53 activity was at 558.31 pg/mL and caspase-3/7 activity marked an increase of 1.04 folds compared to control. Results suggest that SHH poses an anti-proliferative effect on account of apoptosis through ROS mediated mitochondria mutilation.
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Anti-Proliferative and Apoptotic Induction Effect of Elateriospermum Extract on Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A549
Published: 30 October 2020 by MDPI in The 1st International Electronic Conference on Nutrients - Nutritional and Microbiota Effects on Chronic Disease session Potential nutraceutical effects of nutrients, phytochemicals, and microbiota in chronic metabolic disorders
Keywords: Elateriospermum tapos; Lung cancer; Apoptosis