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Altering degenerate four-wave mixing and third-harmonic generation in a coupled quantum dot-metallic nanoparticle structure with the use of the Purcell effect
1  Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens 157 80, Greece


The modification of the optical properties of semiconductor quantum dots near plasmonic nanostructures have attracted significant attention in recent years due to the several potential applications of the coupled nanostructures in optoelectronics, biophotonics and quantum technologies, including sensors, light harvesting, quantum information processing and quantum communication, imaging, photocatalysis, solar cells, and others. One of the methods for modifying the nonlinear optical susceptibilities in quantum dots near plasmonic nanostructures uses the change of the spontaneous decay rates of quantum emitters due to the Purcell effect in a tailored nanophotonic environment. In this work, using this idea, we study the modification of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities and specifically the phenomena of degenerate four-wave mixing and third-harmonic generation in a quantum dot that is coupled to a spherical metallic nanoparticle. We find that the strong alteration of the quantum dot’s spontaneous decay rate near the metallic nanoparticle gives strong variation, either enhancement or suppression, of the phenomena of degenerate four-wave mixing and third-harmonic generation for different distances of the quantum dot from the surface of the metallic nanoparticle, depending on the electric dipole direction of the quantum dot. We also show that the degree of enhancement or suppression of the nonlinear optical susceptibilities differs for the studied phenomena and it is stronger for degenerate four-wave mixing than for third-harmonic generation. This work may have important potential applications in the creation of nanoscale photonic devices for various technological applications.

Keywords: Third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility; semiconductor quantum dot; plasmonics; metallic nanosphere; degenerate four-wave mixing; third-harmonic generation