The temporal variability of solar shortwave radiation (SSR) was assessed over Northern Eurasia (40o – 80o N; 10o W – 180o E) by using SSR reconstruction model since the middle of 20 century. The reconstruction model estimates the year-to-year SSR variability as a sum of variations in SSR due to changes in aerosol, effective cloud amount and cloud optical thickness which are the most effective factors affecting SSR. The retrievals of year-to-year SSR variations according to different factors were tested against long-term measurements in Moscow State University Meteorological Observatory during 1968-2016. The reconstructed changes show a good agreement with measurements with determination factor R2 = 0,8. The analysis of SSR trends since 1979 has detected a significant growth of 2.5% per decade, which may be explained by its increase due to change in cloud amount (+2.4% per decade) and aerosol optical thickness (+0.4% per decade). The trend due to cloud optical thickness was statistically insignificant. Using the SSR reconstruction model we obtained the long-term SSR variability due to different factors for the territory of Northern Eurasia. The increasing SSR trends have been detected on most sites since 1979. The long-term SSR variability over Northern Eurasia is effectively explained by changes in cloud amount and, in addition, by changes in aerosol loading over the polluted regions. The retrievals of the SSR variations showed a good agreement with the changes in global radiance measurements from World Radiation Data Centre (WRDC) archive. The work was supported by RFBR grant number 18-05-00700.
Previous Article in event Previous Article in session
Next Article in event Next Article in session
Long-term changes in solar shortwave irradiance due to different atmospheric factors according to measurements and reconstruction model in Northern Eurasia
Published: 16 November 2020 by MDPI in The 3rd International Electronic Conference on Atmospheric Sciences session Climatology
Keywords: solar shortwave radiation; trends; cloudiness; aerosols; reconstruction model; Northern Eurasia