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Native people’s perception of trees in the urban landscape of the Bay of Naples
* 1 , 2 , 1
1  Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy
2  School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, Keele University, United Kingdom

Abstract:

It is widely known that trees are one of the most important natural elements characterizing the urban landscape. They play a crucial role as providers of ecosystem services, which enhance human well-being directly and indirectly. A relevant feature considering that more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas. Here trees and human works generally depict a complex system of historical, cultural and natural values. However, urban changes can modify historic landscapes by causing the loss of cultural and environmental values. This is particularly true in those territories where man has been present since very ancient times, such as the metropolitan areas of the Mediterranean basin.

In this study, we assessed native people’s perception of trees in the urban landscape of the Bay of Naples (Italy) with the main goals of: i) to highlight the tree species historically characteristic of the urban landscape; ii) to evaluate the quantitative changes and the related causes that have affected trees in the last twenty years. To this aims we conducted a totally anonymous online survey using the Google Forms application. The questionnaire, in addition to some personal data, included 114 questions on tree characteristics. We have selected 50 tree native and exotic species and to facilitate their identification for a wider audience, we have provided a photographic documentation for each tree. Participants (botanists, agronomists, etc.) were asked to state their opinions according to rating scales. On the basis of the questionnaires received so far, Pinus pinea L. (Pinaceae) showed the highest scores as a species historically characterizing the study area, but also in strong reduction. The results of this study will support decision making in the urban landscape planning in the Bay of Naples. Furthermore, the proposed survey method can be tested and applied to other urban areas of the world.

Keywords: tree diversity; urban trees; online surveys; public perceptions; ecosystem services
Comments on this paper
Andrea Giuseppe Stinca
COMMENT
VERY GOOD PAPER.
Raffaele Starace
Considering that more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas,
...
the research was conceived and done with mastery of the subject. Well, good - Raffaele Starace (agronomis)

Gabriele Galasso
Comment
Vey intersting papr

Vincenzo Mendoza
La mia opinione
Ottima descrizione dell'importante ruolo che svolgono i Pinus pinea sul nostro territorio.

Roberto Vetromile
Comment
Interesting manuscript

Sabrina Stinca
Interesting
A very interesting reading... Congratulations to all for the work done.

Giovanna Battipaglia
paper
very interesting paper

Andrea Balivo
Commento
Davvero un lavoro interessante

Giuseppe Marino
Congratulations
Very good paper!

Raffaele Ciardiello
Un passo avanti
Un lavoro straordinario e molto interessante!

GIOVANNI Di Cicco
Urban landascapes
Very fascinating subject, especially considering that I live in the area of study and I can actually see what the paper talks about

Patrick HABAKARAMO
Scientific paper
Very interesting paper.

Congratulations to all the authors.

Vito Antonio Romano
commento
Interesting manuscript

Andrea Montino
Comment
Very good paper

Stinca Alessandro
Commento
Very good paper.

Donato Visconti
Commento
Very interesting paper

Concetta De Prosperis
Paper
Very interesting research, I think that more often the people's perception have to be in consideration in this kind research field.

Livia Palladino
Good
very good paper !!

Andrea Rendina
Good
Vert == Heading ==good paper!!

Camilla Colonna
Interesting topic
In my opinion, this scientific publication shows very carefully the transformation of the Neapolitan landscape.

Valentina Vigna
Valentina
Very very interesting. Good paper

Raffaella Marfella
Ottimo!
Very good study!

Francesco Rufino
Awesome!
The work is rather interesting and innovative. The results highlighted by means of an easy-to-use and inexpensive tool completely agree with my perception about Pinus pinea_ L. whithin the study area.
Luigi Marfella
Thank you for your congratulations. It was our interest to perform the survey with an easy-to-use, inexpensive and also easily replicable tool.

Giuseppe D'Auria
My comment
Congratulations. Very interesting article above all because it gives a good image of citizens partecipation in environmental issues.

Ilaria Di Santo
Native people’s perception of trees in the urban landscape of the Bay of Naples
I find this article really interesting and useful. Congratulations to those who wrote it and offered us the opportunity to make such an interesting reading!

Agostino Marfella
My opinion
Interesting study, also clear video presentation

Romeo Di Pietro
good paper
This paper is interesting especially because creates a link between botany and social science. Very often the identity character of the great city is searched in monuments or human manufactures while plants (especially trees) are largely underestimated.
Luigi Marfella
Absolutely I agree with your opinion, it is of crucial aspect to involve ti inhabitant of a particular area in this type of research which represent the first stakeholders. Thank you!

Daniele Remaggio
paper
The landscape is one of the most important natural element because all of us are part of it, so the people's opinion are necessary to adopte a good management of urban landscape. Really interesting methodology.

Daniele Remaggio
superb report
I am impressed by the amount of data and the care with which he wrote the article. complements

Enrico Perrino
Urban Landscape
Very interisting and original study about perception of native peoples on trees landscape

Teresa Di Santo
My comment
I found this study really interesting because to allow people to exprime their opinion about the urban green landscape in which they live.

Simona Piccolella
My opinion
Fascinating topic

Ungaro Carlotta Ungaro Carlotta
Clear and well done document. Congratulations to the experts.
.





Clear and well done document. Congratulations to the experts.

Teresa Di Santo
My comment
I found this study really interesting because to allow people to exprime their opinion about the urban green landscape in which they live.

Maria Di Santo
Good topic
Very interesting topic and results. A good case of people involving in the scientific method.

Antonella Imperatore
My opinion
Great job!

Angelo Pagliuca
Current theme
Very interesting and actual manuscript!

Giuseppina Crescente
My opinion
A very interesting reading...
Congratulations

Elisabetta Palombelli
My opinion
Great article with very useful results

Emanuele Marino
GRAN TRABAJO
Un estudio bien hecho, hecho con pasión y dedicación por este hermoso trabajo.
Otro paso adelante que tiene como objetivo comprender mejor la importancia esencial de Pinus Pinea para un territorio como el de la costa tirrena de Campania y las playas de la costa.

Luigi Gennaro Izzo
Very interesting paper!
Excellent research with a shrewd approach that combines botany and culture of the Bay of Naples

Alessandro Addeo
My opinion
I think that it could help people to give more value to "things" that really deserve it.

Really interesting.

Francesco Di Santo
Paper
Very good paper, congratulations.

Giovanna Valentino
My opinion
A very interesting and good reading!

Luigi Di Santo
My opinion
Good research, hope that it can help the urban landscape management

Adriano Stinca
Importante
Lavoro molto interessante,complimenti

Marialaura Santonastaso
Interesting topic
Very good lecture, for sure an attractive theme.

Francesca Santonastaso
Considerable research
A really interesting text, love the subject and how it is analyzed.

Davide Pommella
Impressive work!
Nice and interesting work. It perfectly overlap my perception a out nespoli ta urban landscape changes over the time. Furthermore the proposed methodology can be easly replied worldwide for analogue and/or similar researchs. Congrats to all authors.

Giovanni Salerno
Very interesting paper
Very interesting paper

Francesco Niccoli
Excellent work
Very interesting paper. Congratulation.

Maria Tommasina Pecoraro
My opinion
Very good paper.
Congratulations

Rosario Nicoletti
My comment
This paper is very interesting. I believe that this kind of investigation should be carried out in other urban areas, too.

Giannantonio Torromacco
My opinion
Very very interesting.. good study!

Giulio Mattera
Interesting
Congrats for this good work!

 
about this paper
I really appreciated this interesting paper.

 
about this paper
I really appreciated this interesting paper.

Roberta Colonna
Paper
I am Neapolitan and I believe that this work can highlight the change in our Gulf, where the pine is a more characterising tree

Raffaele Mattera
Interesting research with relevant implications for local policymakers
This article addresses a very important topic and, by means of a survey, the authors find nice results that could be useful for local policymakers.

Anna Maria Chierchia
Pinus Pinea
A well researched subject and well documented findings. Long live the Pinus Pinea and may it enhance the coastline forever.

Julius Vloothuis
Pinus pinea
Your findings confirm the fact that the stone pine or the "umbrella"pine located at Ravello can be seen photographed in virtually every European travel brochure. It is the most characteriatic tree in the coastal zones around the Mediterranean.

Giuseppe Di Maio
My opinion
Interesting study, it highlights the perception on the trees management in a very simple and direct way. The proposed methodology is clear and smart.

Pina Chianese
Commento
Molto bello come lavoro,complimenti agli autori

Franco Mainolfi
Comment
Very good paper

Marialuisa Formato
Comment
Very good paper

fabio conti
Very interesting paper
Very interesting paper

Orsola Parente
My Comment
Really interesting research! Good work!

Danila Cuomo
Comment
Very fascinating topic. Great paper!

VALENTINA LUCIA ASTRID LAFACE
Comment
Very interesting manuscript!

Fabrizio Buldrini
Article
Interesting work, clear and very well written. I read it with pleasure!

Fabrizio Bartolucci
Article
very interesting paper

Alessandro Contini
Comment
Congratulations for your research and the subject. The paper is very detailed and well written.

Alessandro Contini
Comment
Congratulations for your research and the subject. The paper is very detailed and well written.

Immacolata Catalano
Comment
Very good paper

Giovanna Marchese
Comment
Very interesting paper

Elisa Proietti
Comment
Very interesting study!

Maria R. Alma
Comment
Interesting paper! Very good!

Cristina Verdoliva
My opinion regarding the manuscript
A fascinating topic

Alfonso Tortora
Alfonso Tortora
interesting manuscript

Roberto Pipelnino
Paper
This is an excellent paper. Congratulations to the authors!

Filli Carpino
my opinion
very good paper

Chiara Russo
Very interesting paper
I really appreciated this interesting paper.

Piero Cannavale
Comment
interesting manuscript

Francesca Ippolito
Comment
Congratulations once again, I will continue to follow your job.

Maria Maddalena Simeone
Marilena Simeone
Native people’s perception of trees in the urban landscape of the Bay of Naples
Very good paper.

Gianroberto Iorio
My opinion
Very good paper

Fulvio Carpino
Comment
Congrats! Very good job and interesting research

Gennaro Domenico Cennamo
Fascinating topics! Congratulations!
text

Giuseppe Re
Interesting
It's important to understand the role that trees play in the place where we live.
Good job!

Alberto Evangelista
Comment
That's a good project, and it'll definitely help to keep this beautiful area. Great Adrian and congratulations to the co-authors, too.

Silvana Cangemi
Comment
Very good paper!!!

Francesco Fusco
Interesting Manuscript
Very important research

Simona Galoppo
Simona Galoppo
È importante conoscere la nostra terra, ma ancor più conoscerla bene. Complimenti per il lavoro svolto sin ad ora ed un grande in bocca a lupo per l'evoluzione.

Luigi Cacciapuoti
Great work!
I think more often the people should involve in scientific research like in this case, so good.

Carmela Marfella
Interessante
Congrats for this good work

Giovanna Aronne
Comment
Very interesting, congratulations

Antonio Moricone
Pinus pinea
an interesting article and conclusion, following your in-depth research, as to how the local population perceive the Pinus Pinea to be the most iconic tree on the Amalfi, Sorrento and Neapolitan coastal landscape.

Matilde Canonico
Very interesting
Very interesting

Mario Marziano
Comment
Very interesting paper

Francesca Pelella
Comment
It' interesting study. Very good research

Carmelo Maria Musarella
Good article!
Congrats! A Very interesting paper!

Raffaele Griffo
Very interesting article.
We hope that the pine will remain the most characteristic species of the territory even after the widespread infestations of Toumeyella parvicornis.
Luigi Marfella
Absolutely correct! Furthermore, due to this alien species (native to North America) not only Pinus pinea L. is endangered, but also other different species of the genus Pinus.

Vincenzo Cenvinzo
Vincenzo Cenvinzo
Vera Good paper

Giovanni De Prosperis
Comment
a very interesting work, which fascinates explaining in a simple way aspects of the botany of my land.

Lorenzo Ventriglia
Comment
Very good paper!

Gennaro Galano
Very good paper
Very good paper

Silvia Capasso
comment
Very interesting paper

Gennaro Testa
Comment
Very interesting study and results

Aurelio Manzi
Commento
Good and interesting paper

Enrico Calvario
very intersting paper. Compliments
Very intersting paper

Valter Di Cecco
Paper
Interesting topic, good paper!

franca molinaro
franca

=== Heading ===



Anna Scoppola
Comment
Very good paper, congratulations

Salvatore Montino
comment
very good paper

Anna Mascolo
comment
very good paper

Sara Ragucci
How to make interesting research
In my opinion,
this paper is very interesting and the research is well conducted. Moreover, I suggest to view the related video presentation... An excellent sum up of the research with very beautiful pictures! Which is so nice!

Dolores Peduto
Very good paper!
Very good paper!

Fernando Lucchese
comment
Naples has a so mild climate and is able to get a great tree heritage. This paper embraces nature and people together in the urban life.

Giuseppe Stinca
Congratulations!
Very interesting and useful results for landscape planning in the Bay of Naples

Olimpia Montino
My comment
"Native people’s perception of trees in the urban landscape of the Bay of Naples" by Adriano Stinca, Luigi Marfella and Assunta Esposito is one of the most interesting manuscripto of the BDEE 2021 conference.

Andrea Scolastri
Comment
This is a really interesting topic.

Rosa Guarino
Comment
Great work on a very interesting topic!!

Domenico Tersigni
very good paper
very good paper

Marco Gabriele
Very interesting paper
Work really well done

Giovanna Ravo
Comment
Very interesting paper, congratulations!

Luigi Ravo
Interesting manuscript
Interesting manuscript

Caterina Sgrò
Congratulations, very interesting paper !!!
# text

Carmela Sgrò
Super
Interesting article for a work that opens up new perspectives from which to observe the territory

Giusy Nastelli
Good
Very good paper

Biagio Ravo
Congratulation
good job. it seems an innovative method that allows us to get to know our territory better.

Biagio Ravo
Congratulation
good job. it seems an innovative method that allows us to get to know our territory better.

Clementina Carlino
Very interisting and original study
Very interisting and original study

Silvano Somma
very good paper
interesting manuscript

Giampiero Ciaschetti
Good paper
Very interesting paper dealing with trees as identity of a people

Patrizia Di Fabrizio
Good paper
Very interesting study

Roberto Coviello
interesting scientific research
interesting scientific research

Riccardo Motti
Paper
Interesting paper. Congratulations

Raffaele Starace
Well done
Considering that more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas,
...
the research was conceived and done with mastery of the subject. Well, good - Raffaele Starace (agronomis)

Giuseppe Caruso
Urban flora
Very good paper that helps reader how trees are perceived by non botanists in urban landscapes.
Congratulation.

Massimo Ricciardi
Stinca et. al.
The choosed subject gives a particular relevance to the paper. The amount of data collected is remarkable and their analysis gives a significant contribution to enlighten the problems affecting the trees in urban landscapes and their perception by natives. The results are carefully discussed pointing out how interesting may be an accurate research on this topic in an area so particular and of so ancient human settings as the Bay of Naples. The detailed and exhaustive bibliograpy is very useful to give suppletive information about the importance given by scientists and researchers to the subject. The paper must be considered very interesting since it gives a consistent contribution to the knowledge of the historic relationship between humankind and trees.

Maria Ravo
Congratulazioni!
Very good work! The authors used a
innovative approach that allows researchers to better understand the native people’s perception of trees in the landscape.
The proposed methodology is clear and smart and it will be useful to apply it to other urban areas of the world as well.

Olí Grober
Félicitations!
This paper is very interesting! Great work!

Francesco Leone
Francesco Leone
very good paper

Achille Ridolfi
Achille Ridolfi
Very good paper. Congratulation

Giuseppe Navazio
Native People’s Perception of Trees in the Urban Landscape of the Bay of Naples
very good paper

Isabella Devetta
Congratulazioni!
Very interesting and useful paper for the territorial planning of public administrations and for private individuals to increase awareness of the natural, historical and cultural heritage of the area.

Giacomo Vaccaro
My comment
VERY GOOD PAPER!

Giuseppe Parrella
very interesting paper
It is interesting to note that, according to the perception of the population living in the bay of Naples, the plant that most characterizes the urban landscape of Naples is the Pinus pinea. This is not surprising, considering that often in the iconographic representations of the bay of Naples (eg. paintings of the Posillipo school and the famous postcards of the nineteenth-twentieth century) the plants of Pinus pinea are almost always reproduced. Despite this, currently this plant is perhaps the most threatened and at risk of extinction due to the spread of alien parasites that have drastically reduced the populations of Pinus pinea in the Bay of Naples. Nevertheless, this plant continues to be considered an essential element of the Bay of Naples in the perception and memory of current generations but could be forgotten by future generations if it will be not possible to safeguard this essence from the continuous threats coming from the introduction of alien parasites, favored in their spread by the global trade and by the ongoing climate changes.

Silvio Russo
paper
Very good paper

Danilo Farriciello
Interesting
Very good paper

Leonardo Rosati
Congratulations
This Is a very interesting paper dealing with topico rarely faced off by botanists

Bruno Chianese
Importante
Lavoro molto interessante

Giovanni Cardamone
Naples state of mind
As a Neapolitan and a scientist, I sincerely hope that this study will represent a step forward in the collaboration between public autorithies and scientific world. Together we can move towards higher living standars and, in this sense, trees and urban landscapes play a key role in our well-being.
Well done, this tool should be applied also to other cities.

Agnese Tilia
Comment
A very inyeresting and original contribution to planning future urban greening strategies. The proposed method can be easily applied to other cities of the world.

Marçal Argelich
Comment
Really interesting! Great job

Carmine Boccia
Well done
Very interesting paper, congratulations!

Achille Ridolfi
Achille Ridolfi
Very interesting paper, congratulations

Giuseppina Colaleo
Great work!
Very interesting paper

Rosaria della Ventura
Comment
Very well!!

Really interesting paper!!

Marilena Schiavone
Comment
Very interesting paper! Congratulations

Angelo Fenti
Paper
Terrific manuscript!

Congrats!

Claudia Gravina
Comment
Very interesting paper! Congrats!



 
 
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