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Four ways of thinking in information
wolfgang hofkirchner
1  vienna university of technology
2  unified theory of information research group

Abstract: There are four ways of thinking: reductionism, projectivism, disjunctivism, integrativism. The gap between the "hard" science perspective and the "soft" science perspective on information reflect these ways of thinking. The paper discusses how this gap might be bridged by applying the fourth way of thinking.
Keywords: Objectivism, subjectivism, subject-object-dialectics, materialism, idealism, emergentist materialism, externalism, internalism, perspectivism