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Study of the Properties of Co-Substituted Ba2Mg2Fe12O22 Hexaferrites
Tatyana Koutzarova * 1 , Borislava Georgieva 1 , Svetoslav Kolev 1 , Kiril Krezhov 1 , Daniela Kovacheva 2 , Chavdar Ghelev 1 , Benedicte Vertruyen 3 , Frederic Boschini 3 , Abdelfattah Mahmoud 3 , Lan Maria Tran 4 , Andrzej Zaleski 5
1  Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tsarigradsko Chaussee, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
2  Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bld. 11, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
3  Greenmat, Chemistry Department, University of Liege, 11 Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liège, Belgium
4  Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Ul. Okólna 2, 50-422 Wroclaw, Poland
5  Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 50422 Wroclaw, Poland

10.3390/ecms2018-05229
Abstract:

Multiferroic materials, in which long-range magnetic and ferroelectric orders coexist, have recently been of great interest in the fields of both basic and applied sciences. The Y-type hexagonal ferrite Ba2Mg2Fe12O22 is an example of a multiferroic material. Its single crystals have a relatively high spiral-magnetic transition temperature (~200 K), show multiferroic properties at zero magnetic field, and the direction of the ferroelectric polarization can be controlled by a weak magnetic field (< 0.02 T) [1]. We present a study of the influence of substituting the Mg2+ cations in the Y-type Ba2Mg2Fe12O22 hexaferrites with a magnetic cation, such as Co2+, on the structural and magnetic properties. The Ba2Mg0.4Co1.6Fe12O22 powder was synthesized by sonochemical co-precipitation. High-power ultrasound was applied to assist the co-precipitation process. The precursors produced were synthesized at 1170°С. The XRD spectra of the powders showed the characteristic peaks corresponding to the Y-type hexaferrite structure as a main phase and some CoFe2O4 impurity (< 2%) as second phase. This was also confirmed by Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements. The magnetization values at 50 kOe were 30 emu/g and 26.6 emu/g at 4.2 and 300 K, respectively. The ZFC and FC magnetization curves were obtained at a magnetic field of 500 Oe. The magnetic measurements revealed a magnetic phase transition at 200 K from ferrimagnetic-to-helical spin order. Such a transition is considered as a precondition for the material to exhibit multiferroic properties.

[1] K. Taniguchi, N. Abe, S. Ohtani, H. Umetsu, T. Arima, "Ferroelectric polarization reversal by a magnetic field in multiferroic Y-type hexaferrite Ba2Mg2Fe12O22", Appl. Phys. Express, vol. 1, art. num. 031301, 2008.

Keywords: Y-type hexaferrites, magnetic phase transitions, co-precipitation
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