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Advances in the knowledge of Las Loras UNESCO Global Geopark in the framework of the UNESCO IGCP-730 project
* 1 , 1 , 2 , 1 , 1 , 3 , 3 , 4 , 5, 6 , 7 , 1 , 1 , 8 , 9
1  Centro Nacional Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, (IGME-CSIC). Ríos Rosas 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain.
2  Birzeit University – Ramallah / Palestine.
3  Las Loras UNESCO Global Geopark, Av. Cervera, 26, 34800 Aguilar de Campoo, Palencia.
4  Cadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia of Marrakech, Earth Sciences Dept. Marocco.
5  Queensland Herbarium (DES), Mt Coot-tha Road, Toowong, QLD 4066, Australia;
6  Department of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia;
7  Water, Energy and Environment center, The University of Jordan. Jordan.
8  University of Carthage – Water Research and Technologies Centre, Teknoparc – Tunisia.
9  Water Pollution Research Department, Centre of Excellence for Research and Applied Studies on Climate Change and Sustainable Research, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt.


The project "Hydrological significance of Mediterranean Geoparks" is being carrying out since 2021 in five countries, Palestine, Marrocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan and Spain. Las Loras UNESCO Global Geopark (UGGp) is focused for a specific hydrogeological study conducted through the analysis of relevant springs, as main water sources against groundwater which is barely used.

In this work, the main results achieved are presented:

a) Identification of the elements that allow defining the geological diversity of the geopark.

b) Main aquifers.

c) Physico-chemical characteristics of the most relevant springs.

As a result, a hydrogeological conceptual model is proposed to explain the hydrogeological functioning of the area.

Keywords: Groundwater, Duero-Ebro basins divide, groundwater-related ecosystems