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Transmittance Properties of Healthy and Infected Coffee Robusta Leaves with Leaf miner Pests
* 1 , * 1, 2 , 1, 3 , 1 , 1
1  Environment And RemoTe sensing researcH (EARTH) laboratory, College of Science, De La Salle University Manila
2  Division of Physical Sciences and Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Visayas 5023, Miagao, Iloilo, Philippines
3  Department of Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, Visayas State University,Visca, Baybay City, Leyte 6521, Philippines
Academic Editor: Letizia De maria


Coffee Robusta (Coffea canephora) increased its total production by 73.5% during the first quarter of 2023. In this study, twenty (20) samples each of healthy and infected coffee leaf were measured for the transmittance properties in the UV-Vis and NIR regions. Coffee Leaf Miner (CLM) infected leaves were identified based on the translucent patches on the plant foliage. Results showed that a healthy coffee leaf has a mean transmittance of 41.53 μW for the NIR region while for the infected leaves, the mean transmittance is 47.06 μW. Healthy coffee Robusta leaves showed significant difference in their transmittance properties compared to infected coffee Robusta leaves in the UV (r = -0.15, p =0.021, F = 5.8, t = -0.2.86), visible (r = -0.15, p = 0.018, F = 6.11, t = -2.88), and NIR (r = -0.14, p = 0.027, F = 5.28, t = -2.99) regions. A CLM index was introduced based on the intensity ratio of green and red wavelengths. I535/575 showed positive correlation with the estimated chlorophyll-a concentration for healthy (r = 0.94, p = 0.227) and infected (r = 0.56, p = 0.622) leaves. This method leads to the development of portable sensors for early detection of CLM in plants.

Keywords: Transmittance Properties; Early Detection; Coffee Robusta; Leaf Miner Pests