Please login first
Larvicidal Potency of Some Selected Nigerian Plants against Aedes aegypti
* 1 , 2 , 3 , 3
1  Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, David Umahi Federal University of Health Sciences, Uburu, Ebonyi State
2  Science Laboratory Technology, Institute of Technology and Management, Enugu Enugu State
3  Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu Enugu State
Academic Editor: Julio A. Seijas


Many public health-related problems, such as dengue diseases, are caused by the vector Aedes aegypti. The proliferation of arboviruses is due to climate change, intensifying globalization, and the evolution of anthropic activities such as travel from one place to another. This paper's objective is to develop larvicidal activities against the larvae of Ae. aegypti. Standard methods were utilized for the collection, extraction and phytochemical screening of the plant parts and extracts. Different extract concentrations (1000, 500, 250, and 125 ppm) were tested against the larvae of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes. The different toxicities observed were due to changes in the compounds present in each of the plant extracts. The most toxic plant extracts were Nepeta cataria stem, followed by Salvia rosmarinus leaf, Salvia rosmarinus stem, Ageratum conyzoides stem, Lantana camara leaf, and Mentha pulegium leaf, six plant including Nepeta cataria leaf, Psidium guajava leaf, Cymbopogon citratus leaf, Ocimum gratissimum stem, Mentha piperita leaf, Ageratum houstonianum leaf showed same LD50, followed by Lantana camara stem, Melissa officinalis root, Nepeta cataria root, and at the same concentration, no larval death was recorded for these five plant extracts, including Mentha pulegium stem, Mentha piperita L. (peppermint) stem, Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf, Geranium leaf, and Azadirachta indica (neem) stem . Seven phytochemical constituents (saponins, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, resins, and steroids) were detected for plant extracts. Nigerian medicinal plants could be used to curb the spread of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti, and also have potential for further study on the constituents responsible for adulticidal activity.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti; dengue; diseases; arboviruses; toxicity; phytochemical