The bridges will be in service in a complex environment for over 100 years under the increasing traffic loading. So the long-term performance determines their safety and durability. Limited by the test condition and ability, present researches are mostly focused on the natural environment exposure tests and artificial environment acceleration tests for materials and components. According to the service conditions and load characteristics of the bridges, the accelerated test system was developed for bridge structure under combined environment and loading. This test system consists of three parts, including a large environment box, loading system and monitoring system. The environment box is 32 meters long, 4 meters wide and 3/10 meters high. It is divided into 5 working bins which can be used alone or in combination. The simulation environment includes high temperature drying, low temperature freezing and thawing, damp cold, high temperature cycle, salt fog, rain, carbonation, temperature and humidity alternating and optical spectrum light aging environment. The servo static and dynamic loading system adopts Servotest actuators with loading tonnage from 400 tons to 50 tons. And the total tonnage is 1200 tons. Aided by the prestressed concrete reaction wall, steel structure frames and the anchor system, the external loading system can exert dynamic and static loads on the bridge structure in the environment box. And the non-contact nondestructive monitoring system can real-time monitor and measure their long-term deformation, internal force, cracking and other damage. This artificial acceleration test system can support the Chinise Long Term Bridge Program, and improve the safety, durability, reliability and long service life of bridges and other civil engineering.
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643 Research on the Artificial Acceleration Test System of Combined Environment and Loading Effect for the Bridge Structure
Published: 29 May 2018 by MDPI in The Eighteenth International Conference of Experimental Mechanics session ICEM 2018
Keywords: bridge structure; combined environment and loading effect; artificial acceleration test system; long term performance